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Biosynthesis of Natural Products in Plants: Bioengineering in Post-genomics Era

Posted By: AvaxGenius
Biosynthesis of Natural Products in Plants: Bioengineering in Post-genomics Era

Biosynthesis of Natural Products in Plants: Bioengineering in Post-genomics Era by Nitish Kumar
English | PDF EPUB (True) | 2024 | 425 Pages | ISBN : 9819721652 | 22.2 MB

This book discusses the importance of plants in terms of their natural bioactive products and medicinal, nutraceutical and health benefits. Plants are natural sources of many pharmaceutical compounds used in traditional and modern medicine, and their mass production and efficient use is imperative in view of the new emerging diseases. This book covers breakthroughs in the research of plant natural products by focusing on how different state-of-the-art biotechnologies facilitate their discovery, the molecular basis of their biosynthesis, as well as synthetic biology. Research on plant's natural products in the pre-genomic era was focused on discovering bioactive molecules with pharmaceutical activities, and identifying individual genes responsible for biosynthesis. In the post-genomics era, however, integration of inter-disciplinary approaches and detailed analysis of all accessible data from multi-informatics is necessary. This would accelerate the full characterization of biosynthetic and regulatory circuit for producing plant natural products.

Microbial Photosynthesis: From Basic Biology to Artificial Cell Factories and Industrial Applications

Posted By: AvaxGenius
Microbial Photosynthesis: From Basic Biology to Artificial Cell Factories and Industrial Applications

Microbial Photosynthesis: From Basic Biology to Artificial Cell Factories and Industrial Applications by Rachapudi V. Sreeharsha , S. Venkata Mohan
English | PDF EPUB (True) | 2024 | 185 Pages | ISBN : 9819712521 | 20 MB

This book uncovers the basic principles of microbial photosynthesis and the latest technological interventions of this crucial phenomenon. In the recent past, the basic principles of microbial photosynthesis were technologically articulated to engineer several cell factories that can utilize waste resources and generate different groups of industrially valuable products. Also, the list of model organisms for specific usage have been increasing enormously. This volume covers the material in four sections; each of the part dealing with the basic principles of microbial photosynthesis in an applied orientation focusing on waste valorization and circular bioeconomy. Furthermore, the following chapters deal with the very recent advancements in metabolic engineering and artificial photosynthesis with respect to value addition. Not only will this book be available for graduate and postgraduate students in microbiology, biotechnology, plant sciences, environmental sciences, energy engineering, and renewable energy, it is also an excellent material for researchers needing a multidisciplinary approach.

Plant Quarantine Challenges under Climate Change Anxiety

Posted By: AvaxGenius
Plant Quarantine Challenges under Climate Change Anxiety

Plant Quarantine Challenges under Climate Change Anxiety by Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam, Salah M. Abdel-Momen
English | PDF EPUB (True) | 2024 | 564 Pages | ISBN : 3031560108 | 72.6 MB

The effects of climate change on food safety and plant health represent a relatively new area of study. However, evidence from recent studies is clear: climate change contributes to increased and new food safety & plant health risks as one of several global change factors. This volume analyzes the scientific understanding of the relationship between climate change, food safety, plant pests, plant diseases, and trade. It identifies and discusses four key areas for future policy consideration: risk assessment, SPS capacity in developing countries, climate change resilience, and basic research challenges. We must effectively communicate the impacts of climate change on plant health and build the capacity of national plant protection organizations. More importantly, we need to mobilize resources that will help build stronger national phytosanitary systems that can prevent the spread of plant pests, thereby protecting our food sources and environment, and facilitating safe trade.

Capsaicinoids: From Natural Sources to Biosynthesis and their Clinical Applications

Posted By: AvaxGenius
Capsaicinoids: From Natural Sources to Biosynthesis and their Clinical Applications

Capsaicinoids: From Natural Sources to Biosynthesis and their Clinical Applications by Mallappa Kumara Swamy, Ajay Kumar
English | PDF (True) | 2024 | 574 Pages | ISBN : 9819977789 | 14.9 MB

This edited book brings out a comprehensive collection of information on capsaicinoids. Primarily, this book includes compiled knowledge on various aspects of capsaicin from ethnobotany to the most important clinical applications. This book covers topics emphasizing chemistry, biosynthesis, anticancer activities, bioavailability, currently undergoing experimental phases, and biotechnological methods, including cell cultures, and metabolic engineering in heterologous microbial and plant systems to enhance capsaicin production. Capsaicinoids are a group of important compounds that are particularly synthesized by various members of the genus Capsicum in their placenta. Capsaicin is the most abundant vanilloid compound among the different capsaicinoids in hot peppers. Other capsaicinoids include dihydrocapsaicin, nordihydrocapsaicin, homocapsaicin, and homodihydrocapsaicin. The capsaicin has been proven as an important bioactive molecule with several properties against many ailments, such as cancer, diabetes, obesity and diseases of the airway and urinary tract. Capsaicin interacts with TRPV1 receptors in humans. These compounds exert their functions by interacting with the TRPV receptors.

Plant Genome Editing Technologies: Speed Breeding, Crop Improvement and Sustainable Agriculture

Posted By: AvaxGenius
Plant Genome Editing Technologies: Speed Breeding, Crop Improvement and Sustainable Agriculture

Plant Genome Editing Technologies: Speed Breeding, Crop Improvement and Sustainable Agriculture by Jen-Tsung Chen, Sunny Ahmar
English | PDF EPUB (True) | 2024 | 316 Pages | ISBN : 9819993377 | 32.2 MB

This book reviews all important aspects of plant genome editing to shed new light on these genome editing technologies together in crop improvement and sustainable agriculture. The book is divided into three areas: the first of which reinterprets plant genome studies from an overview perspective, examining the safety and risk assessment of plants as well as breeding-related outcomes. The second area discusses recent advances in the understanding of crop improvement. A wide range of plant stress tolerance in relation to plant genome editing is then addressed, before turning attention to specific species approaches including rice, maize, wheat, and soybean. The entire book is devoted to an updated knowledge of plant genome editing technologies from all aspects of plant biology and agronomy as we move toward advancements in sustainable life research. The book will be highly recommended for agriculture biologists, agronomists, plant pathologists, and all related research areas.

Mutation Breeding and Efficiency Enhancing Technologies for Resistance to Striga in Cereals

Posted By: AvaxGenius
Mutation Breeding and Efficiency Enhancing Technologies for Resistance to Striga in Cereals

Mutation Breeding and Efficiency Enhancing Technologies for Resistance to Striga in Cereals by Abdelbagi M. A. Ghanim, Shoba Sivasankar, Patrick J. Rich
English | PDF EPUB (True) | 2023 | 184 Pages | ISBN : 3662681803 | 82.4 MB

This book is a compilation of protocols developed through a Coordinated Research Project of the Joint FAO/IAEA Center of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, specifically focused on mutation breeding for resistance to Striga. The book consists of three sections; (i) a general introduction on Striga biology and impact and mutagenesis in cereal crops; (ii) protocol chapters focusing on field, screenhouse and laboratory screening and diagnostic for resistance to Striga asiatica and S. hermonthica in sorghum, upland rice and maize, and; (iii) efficiency enhancing technologies such as rapid crop cycling, doubled haploid production and genomics for mutation discovery and marker development. These chapters were written by well recognized experts in Striga biology and physiology, and cereal breeders. The book is intended to serve as a unique reference and guide for plant breeders and geneticists engaged in breeding for resistance to Striga in cereals.

Gender-responsive Researchers Equipped for Agricultural Transformation

Posted By: AvaxGenius
Gender-responsive Researchers Equipped for Agricultural Transformation

Gender-responsive Researchers Equipped for Agricultural Transformation: Trainer’s Manual for the Gender-Responsive Plant Breeding Course by Margaret Najjingo Mangheni, Hale Ann Tufan
English | EPUB (True) | 2022 | 174 Pages | ISBN : N/A | 2.4 MB

This manual presents the training process for the Gender-Responsive Plant Breeding course, implemented by Makerere and Cornell Universities, over a period of five years (2016-2020), under the Gender-Responsive Researchers Equipped for Agricultural Transformation (GREAT) project funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. It has five broad parts: I) Introduction; II) Required preparation before the course; III) Phase one (9-day, face-to-face training); IV) the 5-month Field Training phase; and V) Phase two (5-day, face-to-face training). Each session consists of specific learning objectives, session plans and slides, delivery methods, practical exercises and examples, as well as relevant tips and synthesized take-home messages. The sessions were developed by an international multidisciplinary team of experts in gender and agriculture and subjected to a rigorous peer review and quality assurance process. GREAT aims to contribute to building a pool of gender-responsive agricultural researchers able to advance more equitable and effective agricultural systems in Africa and beyond. This manual is for all facilitators/trainers interested in applied, gender responsive agricultural research.

Nanofertilizers for Sustainable Agroecosystems: Recent Advances and Future Trends

Posted By: AvaxGenius
Nanofertilizers for Sustainable Agroecosystems: Recent Advances and Future Trends

Nanofertilizers for Sustainable Agroecosystems: Recent Advances and Future Trends by Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam, Mousa A. Alghuthaymi
English | EPUB (True) | 2023 (2024 Edition) | 588 Pages | ISBN : 3031413288 | 46.4 MB

Large-scale chemical fertilizer application causes irreparable damage to soil structure, mineral cycles, soil microbial flora, plants, and other food chains across ecosystems, culminating in heritable mutations in future generations of consumers. A better way forward is the use of nanofertilizers to focus on macro elements (N, P, K), as switching to nanofertilizers may result in large environmental benefits by replacing the majority of these nutrients. Furthermore, the biosynthesis of nanomaterials using bacteria, algae, yeast, fungus, actinomycetes, and plants has opened up a new avenue of research in the production of inorganic nanoparticles as ecologically friendly fertilizers.

Tools & Techniques of Plant Molecular Farming

Posted By: AvaxGenius
Tools & Techniques of Plant Molecular Farming

Tools & Techniques of Plant Molecular Farming by Chittaranjan Kole, Anurag Chaurasia, Kathleen L. Hefferon, Jogeswar Panigrahi
English | PDF EPUB (True) | 2023 | 420 Pages | ISBN : 9819948584 | 32.5 MB

This edited book is an in-depth compilation of recent tools and techniques, concepts and strategies used globally in plant molecular farming (PMF) for the cost-effective bulk production of recombinant proteins, secondary metabolites, and other biomolecules. The book presents an overview of success stories of PMF applications from developing countries to address poverty, achieve zero hunger, good health and well-being, thus achieving the UN SDGs 1, 2, and 3.

Climate-Resilient Agriculture, Vol 2: Agro-Biotechnological Advancement for Crop Production

Posted By: AvaxGenius
Climate-Resilient Agriculture, Vol 2: Agro-Biotechnological Advancement for Crop Production

Climate-Resilient Agriculture, Vol 2: Agro-Biotechnological Advancement for Crop Production by Mirza Hasanuzzaman
English | EPUB (True) | 2023 | 1003 Pages | ISBN : 3031374274 | 52.9 MB

Under ongoing climate change, natural and cultivated habitats of major food crops are being continuously disturbed. Such condition accelerates to impose stress effects like abiotic and biotic stressors. Drought, salinity, flood, cold, heat, heavy metals, metalloids, oxidants, irradiation etc. are important abiotic stresses; and diseases and infections caused by plant pathogens viz. fungal agents, bacteria and viruses are major biotic stresses. As a result, these harsh environments affect crop productivity and its biology in multiple complex paradigms. As stresses become the limiting factors for agricultural productivity and exert detrimental role on growth and yield of the crops, scientists and researchers are challenged to maintain global food security for a rising world population.

Climate-Resilient Agriculture, Vol 1: Crop Responses and Agroecological Perspectives

Posted By: AvaxGenius
Climate-Resilient Agriculture, Vol 1: Crop Responses and Agroecological Perspectives

Climate-Resilient Agriculture, Vol 1: Crop Responses and Agroecological Perspectives by Mirza Hasanuzzaman
English | PDF (True) | 2023 | 1014 Pages | ISBN : 3031374231 | 37.7 MB

Under ongoing climate change, natural and cultivated habitats of major food crops are being continuously disturbed. Such condition accelerates to impose stress effects like abiotic and biotic stressors. Drought, salinity, flood, cold, heat, heavy metals, metalloids, oxidants, irradiation etc. are important abiotic stresses; and diseases and infections caused by plant pathogens viz. fungal agents, bacteria and viruses are major biotic stresses. As a result, these harsh environments affect crop productivity and its biology in multiple complex paradigms. As stresses become the limiting factors for agricultural productivity and exert detrimental role on growth and yield of the crops, scientists and researchers are challenged to maintain global food security for a rising world population.

Legumes Biofortification

Posted By: AvaxGenius
Legumes Biofortification

Legumes Biofortification by Muhammad Azhar Nadeem, Faheem Shehzad Baloch, Sajid Fiaz, Muhammad Aasim, Ephrem Habyarimana, Osman Sönmez, Nusret Zencirci
English | PDF EPUB (True) | 2023 | 552 Pages | ISBN : 3031339568 | 43.6 MB

Sustainable food production is vital to ensure food and nutritional security to growing human population. Recently, there has been a shift in agricultural production system, crop production is not only considering yield as primary interest to produce higher number of calories for reducing hunger, but also more nutrient-rich food to reduce malnutrition or “hidden hunger”. Micronutrient malnutrition is a continuing and serious public health problem in many countries, various Interventions to alleviate this problem have been implemented. Biofortification, the process of breeding nutrients into food crops, provides a comparatively cost effective, sustainable, and long-term means of delivering more micronutrients. Legumes have higher protein content than most plant foods approximately twice than cereals and are rich in the key micronutrients folate, niacin, thiamine, calcium, iron and zinc.

Advanced Crop Improvement, Volume 2: Case Studies of Economically Important Crops

Posted By: AvaxGenius
Advanced Crop Improvement, Volume 2: Case Studies of Economically Important Crops

Advanced Crop Improvement, Volume 2: Case Studies of Economically Important Crops by Aamir Raina, Mohammad Rafiq Wani, Rafiul Amin Laskar, Nasya Tomlekova, Samiullah Khan
English | PDF EPUB (True) | 2023 | 579 Pages | ISBN : 3031266684 | 48 MB

As per the reports of FAO, the human population will rise to 9 billion by the end of 2050 and 70% of more food must be produced over the next three decades to feed the additional population. The breeding approaches for crop improvement programs are dependent on the availability and accessibility of genetic variation, either spontaneous or induced by the mutagens. Plant breeders, agronomists, and geneticists are under constant pressure to expand food production by employing innovative breeding strategies to enhance yield, adaptability, nutrition, resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses.

Plant Protoplasts and Genetic Engineering VI

Posted By: Jeembo
Plant Protoplasts and Genetic Engineering VI

Plant Protoplasts and Genetic Engineering VI by Y.P. S. Bajaj
English | 1995 | ISBN: 3642633749 | 340 Pages | PDF | 10.5 MB

Twenty-seven chapters deal with the regeneration of plants from protoplasts and genetic transformation in various species.

Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 44

Posted By: AvaxGenius
Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 44

Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 44 by Irwin Goldman
English | PDF | 2020 | 333 Pages | ISBN : 1119716918 | 3.3 MB

Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. Many of the crops widely grown today stem from a very narrow genetic base; understanding and preserving crop genetic resources is vital to the security of food systems worldwide. The emphasis of the series is on methodology, a fundamental understanding of crop genetics, and applications to major crops.